What is a door? How is it made? What is it made of? What are its uses? We want to touch a little bit on all the points above in this article.
A door is used to connect to areas which may be two rooms or the exterior and interior of a house. It provides the pathway to travel between these two areas. A door, in its most basic form, is made up of some sort of panel of a certain material that can be swung or slid open. This panel may be hinged on a door frame or just the supporting wall.
This article will deal with the more common doors in use today.
1) Door Components
a) The Panel (Leaf)
The door panel or leaf is the part of the door that moves. It usually is as big as the opening and sometimes can be seen split into two parts (as sometimes seen in barns with a horse looking out). The panel might swing left or right or slide sideways (or even upwards). It can be made up of many different materials such as wood, steel, iron, aluminum, PVC, glass, etc.
b) The Frame
The frame surrounds the panel and holds it in place. It is comprised of 2 jambs (sides), a header (top) and a sill (bottom). On interior doors there is no sill needed. Door frames are usually not pronounced and can blend with the wall they are mounted into. Materials used for frames are as numerous as for panels.
c) The Trim (Liner)
The trim is the decorative part of a door that is used to visually join the frame and wall interface together. They are mostly applied to the wall with a slight overlap onto the frame making it appear that the frame is wider than it really is. Again, trim materials can vary but usually are made of wood.
d) The Hinge or Rolling/Sliding Track
A swinging door requires hinges at the panel-frame interface. A sliding door requires some sort of top or bottom (or both) track that the panel slides along to either the left or right. Swinging Door hinges are usually made out of metal for strength reasons (just like sliding tracks) and at least 2 are required for a one-panel door.
e) The Handle and Lock
Doors no not necessarily need a handle or lock but we do at least see a handle on most. It is just easier to have a good grip when moving the panel. Handles are usually made out of metal or possibly wood. Door locks can come in a variety of forms such as thumb turn, latch-type, hook or keyed locks. Most locks are made of metal for strength and durability.
2. Door Uses
Doors are most likely one of the oldest inventions in the world. Closing off a gateway must always have its uses. Without touching on mobile doors (such as cars) the two main uses today are “Exterior” and “Interior” Doors.
a) Exterior Doors
This type of door provides the entry and exit to a house. It has a sill and weather strips to be able to seal the elements out more effectively. It is also the main attraction on the front of the house as the main point of entry. Exterior doors provide a better insulating value than interior doors and aim at minimizing heat transfers from exterior to interior on cold days.
Exterior doors can be made up of more than one panel as seen in Double Doors or Folding/Accordion Doors in order to produce a greater opening. In general, exterior doors are bigger and heavier than their interior counterparts. The use of glass in exterior doors is very common.
b) Interior Doors
This type of door is the passage way between rooms. It is commonly smaller and lighter than the exterior door but purpose and materials are similar. They have no sill, since airflow beneath the door is usually welcomed inside a home.
3. Door Styles
Doors can be either traditional or modern and very seldom a mix of the two. Modernity dictates the absence of ornate wood carvings, for example. It tends to simplicity and straightness.
Traditional doors try to mimic the more detailed craftsmanship of days gone by.
Doors can be made with a single panel or many panels to provide a varying degree of open space and light.
Interior doors do not always have to be between rooms but can divide a bed room from a closet space. This is usually done via sliding doors to save space.
We see larger doors in barns and garages and in these instances the doors slide or move upwards parallel to inside ceiling. Design is sacrificed for functionality in most barn and garage scenarios.
It has to be said that doors are so common that not much thought is spend on them unless you are in the process of buying them perhaps. But every now and then you see one that impresses you. So the oldest inventions are still the most useful after all.
Modern Interior Door examples can be seen here.
Pacific View Windows & Doors supplies a wide variety of Wood, Vinyl and Aluminum Windows, Front Entry Doors, Patio Doors, Interior Doors, Patio Covers and Composite Decking material.
They are located in Sidney, BC and serve all of Greater Victoria.
Give them a call at 778-351-0202 to visit their showroom and see what they have to offer.
Did you know Thomas Edison’s home in Fort Myers, Florida, had its kitchen in a separate building because he couldn’t stand the smell of cooking food? Most modern homes have two dining areas, two living areas, two-car garages, but have not yet fully accepted two cooking areas. A kitchen-removed, or ‘spice kitchen’, for generations has been a standard in Asian culture. Their thinking on this feature is simple: To prevent cooking odours from permeating their home.
Pungent food-produced steam from garlic, chilis, and cooking oils, are a migratory and perennial problem in modern homes, becoming embedded in fabric and all manner of porous material – notwithstanding one’s highly sensitive odour molecules (sense of smell). Porous surfaces of kitchen cabinets, too, require occasional washing with soapy water to be rid of nauseating odours.
Hood fans with Class 5 tornado sucking-power aren’t available. Open windows play havoc with air conditioning and uniform temperatures. Vinegar does the job and then you have to do a job on vinegar. Air fresheners are temporary while introducing their own peculiar odour. Gas masks are an over-the-top reaction!
Even Asian cultures, with doors to their sealed-off-from-the-rest-of-the-home “Spice Kitchen”, do not wholly prevent odours from sneaking through the cracks and gap under doors, into the rest of the house.
“I don’t need a spice kitchen,” wrote one contributor in a column, “I just call in the kitchen demo unit and have them clean up my mess!”
It remains: How to keep the nose-pinching odours in the Spice Kitchen?
Lebo Interior Doors & Frames has a Simple! and Profound! two-fold solution to the problem of kitchen smell containment:
1) Lowerable Floor Closure Seal
2) A three side rabbetted door panel that closes against a gasket seal.
Ingenious! Don’t you think?
Lebo’s lowerable floor seal and three-side-rabbetted door panel ensure odours from all sources, light and sound, do not migrate out of areas in which they are meant to be contained and into areas in which they are not welcome.
This means control of your home’s environment, more comfort for its inhabitants.
Don’t believe me!
Come and see!
Tell me what you think!
You’ll decide one of two things: 1) I’m in need of truth serum or; 2) You need the benefits of this innovative and life improving Interior Door!
If Thomas Edison was alive today, he would wish he had invented these features; and, he’d greet you at our showroom door!
Lebo Interior Doors & Frames
Showroom: 14480 Knox Way, Unit 130, Richmond, BC V6V 2Z5
by: John J Friesen
Did you know:
But, so what?
Historically the storage of wine was handled by wine merchants. Since the mid-20th century, however, consumers are increasingly storing their own wine in home-based wine cellars.
Problem: Wine stored in too warm a room, say 18 C and more, is prone to ‘cook’, losing flavour and balance. For example, a Beaujolais’ ideal storing temperature is about 12 C. How to ensure the best temperature for your wine?
Problem: If cork is not kept moist, air is prone to seep into the bottle, affecting the taste. While not scientific, it is generally accepted the optimum relative humidity at which wine should be stored is 75%. Russian wine writer, Alexis Lachine, went so far as to recommend spreading 1.5 cm of gravel on the cellar’s floor and periodically sprinkle it with water. If your cousin Vinnie is in the lawn irrigation business …
Problem: Strong sunlight and incandescent lighting are taboo, as they adversely react with wine’s phenolic compounds, creating a wine fault. For that reason, wine is stored in light green and blue coloured bottles, acting as sunglasses, if you will.
The overarching problem is: How to ensure your wine cellar’s doorway keeps temperature, humidity, and light at generally accepted optimum conditions, to prevent tainting of your prized wine collection?
The solution is Simple! Profound!
Lebo’s rabbetted door panel closes against a gasket mounted to its frame on two vertical and top sides. This virtually guarantees no light, air, and dust or humidity flows out of or into your wine cellar.
What about the ½”(1.25 cm) space under the door?
Lebo doors offer an optional lowerable floor closure seal! Activated on the hinge side and bottom of the door leaf, the seal drops 5/8” (16 mm), against a … to give additional help to maintaining the desired temperature, humidity and light, an atmosphere to preserve a grand wine for its time.
What this means to you is the bottle of wine that cost you your inheritance is secure in your wine cellar, secured by Lebo’s ingenuity. (You didn’t expect me to say anything less, did you?)
Don’t believe me!
Come and see!
Tell me what you think!
You’ll decide one of two things: 1) I’m in need of truth serum, or 2) You need the benefits of this innovative and life improving Interior Door!
The truth is, Phytochemistry won’t matter, the Beach Boys will sound better than ever, and the several hundred compounds will be in full retreat as you cry …
“I don’t care, pass me the bottle!”
Lebo Frames & Doors
by: John J Friesen
You are building a house. Why?
To live in it or to sell it? Or maybe a bit of both?
Vancouver, British Columbia and its surrounding areas have developed a very unique concept of residential house construction which has intensified over the past 15 years. What concept am I referring to?
You can build a house to live in it and with that motive you, as the homeowner, will select your “ingredients” with care. You will take greater care to select what you like as opposed to filling the space with the first best thing.
You can build a house to sell it and with that motive you, the builder, will select your “ingredients” very differently in most cases. You will steer towards building the house with what you deem valuable to the future owner in the neighborhood of the home. Your choices will have nothing to do with your tastes but rather with the assumed tastes of the population of the area.
With increasing real estate values in Vancouver and surrounding areas, building to sell seems to dominate now. Is that a good thing? If yes, for whom?
I dare to say, that building to sell is not ideal for the future resident. Not because a house like that inherently lacks quality, no, but because some things, like homes, should not be bought “off the shelf”.
I am sure it I will have opposition here but I will hold my ground and say:
To fully enjoy anything, you must be part in the creation of it. Why? Because creation is difficult – and difficulty, once overcome, leads to fulfillment.
But enough on the theory.
Doors are one part of homes in Vancouver and everywhere around the globe. They are just as important
as everything else – not more and not less, if the home is to have a unified appearance. Interior doors can be modern or traditional (which is still the norm in Vancouver for example) and the theme is usually carried throughout the whole house. Seldom would you mix the two styles but everything is possible, nonetheless.
Interior doors can come in the shape of wood or glass or a mix of the two. They can come in many finishes and styles. Doors can be a great asset if they address noise, light and air issues effectively in your home. A bedroom door, for example, should block noise. A wine cellar door should have a thermally efficient make-up to keep the room cooler than the surrounding house.
The Vancouver market lacks modern door options at the moment but if you spend a little time looking you will be rewarded.
Little Black Dress’ and LEBO Interior Doors
The Little Black Dress, or LBD, as it is affectionately known, has become a “rule of fashion”. Women and fashion designers alike believe no closet should be without this simple elegance. Since the early 1920’s its timeless style has galvanized the imagination of women and disassembled the thinking of men.
Simple! Profound! It rules!
Hubert de Givenchy, the famous French fashion icon, sourced the finest Italian satin to create an unforgettable silhouette worn by Audrey Hepburn in the opening scene of Breakfast at Tiffany’s.
Shimmering, sculpted and sleeveless, its floor-length skirt was slightly gathered at the waist and slit to the thigh on one side, accented by a pair of black elbow-length gloves. Salivating! In December, 2006,
this timeless and dazzling treasure was donated to and auctioned for charity. Christie’s Auction House flawlessly worked an adoring and discerning public to a profitable end. The garment fetched an elegant … $923, 187!
Simple! Profound! It rules!
Since 1871, LEBO Doors & Frames, have changed the way we think and feel when walking in and out of their rooms. Their appearance quietly complements its room. German designed and manufactured, their hairbreadth allowances between door and frame are evocative of an old ’57 Porsche Speedster, the sound of its door latch going, cluh-CLICK-click. Seductive! Intoxicating! Utterly!
LEBO Doors & Frames
speak to and satisfy discerning tastes and values. Modern and traditional offerings are available in 14 wood and 16 laminate surfaces.
A full product offering is available in our catalogue.
LEBO Interior Door trends for today and tomorrow, feature:
Rabbeted door panel - closes against frame mounted gaskets to control dust, noise, and light
Lower-able floor closure seal (P 102) – further prevents transference of dust, noise, and light
Frames are free of nail holes – simple elegance in 10 frame styles
Full length glazing with wood stiles, with sandblasting, grooving or plain glass options
Glass and wood sliding-doors – options for all tastes and styles
One is made to wonder: If, today, Christie’s Auction House flawlessly worked an adoring and discerning
public in the auction of a LEBO Interior Door, would we have Breakfast at Tiffany’s tomorrow?
LEBO Interior Doors – no home should be without this simple elegance!
Simple! Profound! They rule!
John J Friesen